The text defines coping styles as general predispositions to dealing with stress. It explains that there are two different types of coping styles to deal with stress: approach coping and avoidant coping. An individual can approach a stressor and make active efforts to resolve it or try to avoid the problem. The text describes another coping style called emotion-focused coping, which uses either mental or behavioral methods to deal with the feelings resulting from stress.
In my demonstration of the main coping styles, person X is a 25-year-old man from Italy or low economic status. It would be optimal for person X to use approach coping to deal with paying his bills on time. It would be optimal for person X to deal with his child’s terminal illness at first by practicing avoidant or emotion-focused coping. As the textbook explains, it is best to match the type of coping you use with the situation and with your comfort level. Therefore, the best type of coping for one person or one situation may not necessarily be best for another.
For the people working at Aramark on campus, there may be different optimal stress management tactics that may make their lives at work less stressful and more enjoyable. Many of the Aramark employees on JMU’s campus come from various other countries from all over the world. The fact that many of them are new to the country and the English language may cause severe stress in the workplace. It is important for Aramark employers to understand the cultures that the employees come from to better help them with stress management.
Social support is one of the most important factors in the study of stress and coping so it may be incredibly beneficial for Aramark employees to find support within the community of other workers who are likely to be coping with the same types of stressors. It make be helpful for Aramark employers to set up a support system for the employees and have several students or volunteers to help the employees who are new to the country get acclimated and comfortable in their new surroundings.